Individual psychotherapy is a process where a client (patient) works with a therapist in a “one-on-one” setting. It is the most common form of psychotherapy and it is often used in combination with other psychotherapeutic approaches, e.g., couples (marital) therapy or group psychotherapy. Where appropriate, it may be combined with psychopharmacology.
Clients entering individual psychotherapy come with different problems, including life changes, losses, and emotional injuries, or they have particular disorders, such as anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and so on. Some individuals simply need support from a third, independent party or help in making important life decisions.
Within the framework of individual psychotherapy, the therapist may use techniques from one or more theoretical orientations. The chosen theoretical approach may differ depending on the individual therapist, type of problems that bring a client to psychotherapy, and age of the client.